cyber bullying and cyberbullies




Cyber bullying

42% of kids have been bullied while online. One in four have had it happen more than once.

35% of kids have been threatened online. Nearly one in five had had it happen more than once.

21% of kids have received mean or threatening e-mails or other messages.

58% of kids admit someone has said mean or hurtful things to them online. More than four out of ten say it has happened more than once.

58% have not told their parents or an adult about something mean or hurtful that happened to them online.

Cyberbullies usually suffer from low self esteem and feel insecure


43% of U.S. teens having experienced some form of cyber-bullying in the past year.

Similarly, a Canadian study found:

23% of middle-schoolers surveyed had been bullied by e-mail.

35% in chat rooms.

41% by text messages on their cell phones.

Fully 41% did not know the identity of the perpetrators.



Australia Population and stats




On 1st March 2013 9.30am (Canberra time), the resident population of Australia is projected to be:


22,934,340






One births every 1 minute and 46 seconds,


 One death every 3 minutes and 40 seconds ,


A net gain of one international migration every 3 minute and 05 seconds , leading to


An overall total population increase of one person every 1 minute and 37 seconds .




Life expectancy in Australia is 78.7 years for males and 83.5 years for females.






Australia refers to both the continent of Australia and to the Commonwealth of Australia, the sovereign country. Australia, the world's smallest continent, is in the southern hemisphere and borders both the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

80% of Australias population live on the coast.

Australia has six states New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia and two major mainland territories—the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).


For generations, the vast majority of immigrants came from the British Isles, and the people of Australia are still mainly of British or Irish ethnic origin. In the 2006 Australian census, the most commonly nominated ancestry was Australian.


The Australian mainland has been inhabited for more than 42,000 years by Indigenous Australians.
The Indigenous population, mainland Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders was counted at approx 410,003 (2.2 per cent of the total population).


Australia has no state religion. In the 2006 census, 64 per cent of Australians listed themselves as Christian, including 26 per cent as Roman Catholic and 19 per cent as Anglican. About 19 per cent of the population cited "No religion".




Around 24 per cent Australians over the age of 15 regularly participate in organised sporting activities in Australia.


Rutherglen Wineries Victoria






Rutherglen is located north of Wangaratta and west of Wodonga, just 10 kilometres from the Murray River at the N.S.W. Victoria, state border towns of Wahgunyah and Corowa.
Originally a gold-mining town of the mid-19th century, Rutherglen Post Office opening on 1 November 1860, it has since developed into a major wine producing area, with 19 wineries all located within a short drive from the town centre,the best of which are highly regarded by wine critics.



Rutherglen is the unchallenged capital of fortified wines in Australia, with muscats and tokays internationally recognised.

Many of the great winemaking houses of Rutherglen which sprang up in the gold rush days of the mid nineteenth century are still owned and run by the fourth, fifth and sixth generations of the original family owners. These families have made and sold wine from their cellar doors through drought, depression, the great phylloxera plague, and a couple of world wars for over 150 years. The legacy of winemaking skills and ancient stocks is being carefully passed on to a younger generation to carve out their own niche in a world characterized by big business and short term greed.

World Famous Muscat: Wrought from the brown clone (or type) of Muscat à Petits Grains Rouge, more commonly known as Rutherglen Brown Muscat or Brown Frontignac, this is Rutherglen’s most famous fortified wine variety and conventionally regarded as its greatest. Virtually unique in the world (Cyprus, South Africa and Spain are, or have been, competitors), this distilled essence of liquid raisins achieves undreamed-of layers of complexity as it ages (and greatly oxidises) in cask. Once imprisoned in a bottle, such changes cease; its only future to be drunk. Explosively rich and sweet though the Muscats are, the finish is cleansing and brisk, if not dry in the technical sense. The finish does not cloy nor seem as sweet as the plum pudding flavours of the mid palate would suggest. A great winter aperitif and an after dinner wine at any time of year.



WINERIES


 All Saints Estate

 Bullers Winery Rutherglen

 Campbells Winery

 Chambers Rosewood Winery

 Cofield Wines

Jones Winery Vineyard

 Lake Moodemere Vineyards

 Morris Wines

 Mount Prior Vineyard

 Pfeiffer Wines

 Rutherglen Estates

 Scion Vineyard

 St Leonards Vineyard

 Stanton & Killeen Wines

 Valhalla Wines

 Vintara Wines

Australian Headhunters


The Dayaks of Borneo formed a force to help the Allies following their ill treatment by the Japanese. Australian and British special operatives of Z Special Unit transformed some of the inland Dayak tribesmen into a thousand-man headhunting army. This army of tribesmen killed or captured some 1,500 Japanese soldiers.


In the past the Dayak were feared for their ancient tradition of headhunting practices. After conversion to Islam or Christianity and anti-headhunting legislation by the colonial powers the practice was banned and disappeared, only to resurface in the late 90s, when Dayak started to attack Madurese emigrants in an explosion of ethnic violence
Every year or two the Dayaks hold a feast called Gawai Autu in honour of the departed spirits whith they believe surround the heads which hang in their houses. In this manner they hope to keep in favour with the spirits and so have good fortune.




Z Special Unit (also known as Special Operations Executive (SOE), Special Operations Australia (SOA) or the Services Reconnaissance Department (SRD)) was a joint Allied special forces unit formed during the Second World War to operate behind Japanese lines in South East Asia. Predominantly Australian, Z Special Unit was a specialist reconnaissance and sabotage unit that included British, Dutch, New Zealand, Timorese and Indonesian members, predominantly operating on Borneo and the islands of the former Netherlands East Indies.


A GROUP ON BOARD MV KRAIT EN ROUTE TO THE SINGAPORE AREA DURING OPERATION JAYWICK

The unit carried out a total of 81 covert operations in the South West Pacific theatre, with parties inserted by parachute or submarine to provide intelligence and conduct guerrilla warfare. The best known of these missions were Operation Jaywick and Operation Rimau, both of which involved raids on Japanese shipping in Singapore Harbour; the latter of which resulted in the deaths of twenty-three commandos either in action or by execution after capture.

In his memoirs, former leading aircraftsman, Jack Wong Sue, claimed that Z Special Unit commandos in Borneo killed 1,700 Japanese for the loss of 112 commandos, as well as training more than 6,000 guerrillas. The activities of the commandos laid the groundwork for the Allied invasion of Borneo in 1945


Although the unit was disbanded after the war, many of the training techniques and operational procedures employed were later used during the formation of other Australian Army special forces units and they remain a model for guerrilla operations to this day.








Australia Economy




Australia now ranks as the 14th largest economy in the world (measured by GDP), and the 4th largest in the Asia Pacific region. Due to a relatively high-growth and low-inflation economy, supported by robust political and economic institutions, and an internationally competitive business sector.

Australia is also home to a well-developed, innovative and highly-regarded financial services industry and capital market.

Australia has become an attractive investment destination for global investors as well as home to many major multinational financial services providers. With a diverse investor group comprised of 40% foreign investors, 40% domestic institutional investors and 20% retail investors, the Australian equity market is well placed in the global economy.

Australia’s steady economic growth has also been aided by a resources boom that has seen its economy emerge as one of the largest global suppliers of raw materials (coal, iron ore, etc). This fertile resources sector makes up around 7.5% of Australia’s total economy, with the remainder being comprised of financial services (10.8%), manufacturing (9.3%) and construction (7.8%).





This distribution broadly mirrors that of the Australian equity market, with the largest sectors being financial services (35%) and resources (23%).

Australia and its firm international standing is reflected in the fact that Australia’s three largest trading partners, China, Japan and the United States - are also the three largest economies in the world; and its two largest investment partners - the US and UK – are home to the world’s largest capital markets.

Today, more people are investing in Australian shares than ever before. The Australian sharemarket has offered better long-term returns than most other investments.



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You may not believe it …but wealth (our homes, shares etc) is at record highs

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Cape York Australia Adventure





The tropical outback regions of Cape York offer a unique touring experience enveloped in the most magnificent and varied landscape that you could imagine. The 4WD journey to 'the tip' is an adventure of a lifetime.
Cape York Peninsula is a large remote peninsula located in Far North Queensland at the tip of the state of Queensland, Australia, the largest unspoilt wilderness in northern Australia and one of the last remaining wilderness areas on Earth.



The first known contact between Europeans and Aborigines occurred on the west coast of Cape York in 1606 but it was not settled by Europeans until the 19th century when fishing communities, then ranches and later mining towns were established. European settlement led to the displacement of Aboriginal communities and the arrival of Torres Strait Islanders on the mainland. Today the peninsula has a population of only about 18,000, of which a large percentage of approx 60% are Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders.Cape York is a popular tourist destination in the Dry Season for camping, hiking, birdwatching and fishing enthusiasts. Many people make the adventurous, but rewarding, drive to the tip of Cape York, the northernmost point of mainland Australia.

Termite mount on old Telegraph Road

The majority of Cape York Peninsula is covered in tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannahs, and shrublands, tropical savannah woodland consisting typically of a tall dense grass layer and varying densities of trees, dominantly eucalypts of which the most common is Darwin stringybark.The tropical landscapes are among the most stable in the world

Some of the world's most extensive and ancient Aboriginal rock painting galleries surround the town of Laura, some of which are available for public viewing.


Ancient rockart in caves near Bathurst Heads Known to just a handful of Aboriginal people, cattle station workers and academics Source: The Courier-Mail

The wetlands and coastal mangroves are noted for their importance as a fish nursery and crocodile habitat, providing important drought refuge and the Great Barrier Reef lies off the east coast and is an important marine habitat.
The Cape is also home to the Eastern brown snake, one of the world's most venomous snakes.


Large croc being re-located by the Irwins from the west coast of Cape York

If you are looking for great things to do in Australia, a Cape York trip is a great adventure. Cape York is not far from Cairns, but it's real Australian outback and feels like very remote Australia. There are some great four wheel drives, river crossings, Aboriginal rock painting and some spectacular wilderness scenery, waterfalls and waterholes to swim in at  Lakefield, Iron Range and Jardine River National Parks.



Just 250kms north-west and 130kms off the main road via Archer River Roadhouse, is the township of Weipa. This small mining town provides a complete range of services and facilities for travellers, as well as amazing tours of the mining operation. Nearby to Weipa are National Parks, beautiful countryside and awesome Barramundi fishing.



Bamaga is the most northern township in Queensland. It is an isolated settlement of some 2000 people, most of whom are Torres Strait Islanders. Facilities are limited and supplies are either shipped or flown in.
6 km north of Bamaga, Seisia has an excellent foreshore camping area, a kiosk and service station. There is an information centre at the Seisia Camping Ground Office where, during the peak tourist season, the Seisia Island Dancers perform traditional dances.


 Laura Aboriginal Dance Festival

There are two roads in southern Cape York Peninsula, either you drive north from Mareeba through Mt Molloy, Mt Carbine, Lakeland and Laura, or you drive the coastal way up from Cairns, past Port Douglas, Daintree National Park and Cooktown. This is the less used way which takes you right to Lakefield National Park, but Cooktown is worth a visit in any case and it is also reachable by a side trip from the more usual inland way up to the Cape York Peninsula.

It is estimated that between 400 and 500 vehicles make the journey each year, even though the roads are impassible in the wet season.

Palm Island Queensland



Aboriginal “medicine man”. Palm Island, Queensland, 1930. Photo by E.O. Hoppe.

Before settlers arrived in North Queensland, Palm Island belonged to the Manbarra people. Descendants of the Manbarra were still living on the tropical island, 65 km NE. of Townsville, when in 1914 the Queensland Government gazetted the Island as a reserve.





Palm Island was named for the cabbage tree palms growing there by Captain James Cook in 1770. It became a settlement for people from very different tribal groups who were brought here in the forties and fifties by the white administration, especially children of mixed Aboriginal and European ancestry, the "stolen generation". It is now a self governing Aboriginal community.


Palm Island Pier has daily ferry links to Townsville

 
Great Palm Island, also known as Palm Island, or by the Aboriginal name Bwgcolman, is a tropical island with a resident community of about 2,000 people.
It is the main island of the Greater Palm group, and consists of small bays, sandy beaches and steep forested mountains rising to a peak of 548 metres (1,798 ft).
The ocean surrounding the island is part of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park where extraction and fishing are regulated.



Palm Island is rich in natural beauty, both fauna and flora.Palm Island's rich volcanic soil supports tropical flora such as mangroves, eucalypt forest, rainforests, hoop pine, mango, banana, pawpaw (papaya) and wild plum trees. The surrounding bays have a diverse marine fauna including coral trout, crayfish and coral reefs.

Palm Island is home to two clan groups, Manbarra (traditional owners) and the larger group Bwgcolman, which incorporates all other Aboriginal and Torres Strait families/clans who have historical links to the island.



Short Joes Horse Trails can take mainland visitors for an eight- hour horse ride to places inaccessible by road: Bamboo Creek, Wallaby Creek , or a cooling swim in a waterhole. There is also bushtucker lunch of possum, goat, goanna, turtle at the end of the horse trek




Sunferries currently conduct three return ferry services to Palm Island per week departing on Monday,Thursday, Friday and Sunday.


This service takes approximately 2 hours travel time each way. Due to the fact that vessel access to the Palm Island jetty is tidal, the timetable for this service can change weekly